Australia — Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. The name Australia is derived from the Latin Terra Australis a name used for putative lands in the southern hemisphere since ancient times, the Dutch adjectival form Australische was used in a Dutch book in Batavia into refer to the newly discovered lands to the south.
The first recorded European sighting of the Australian mainland, and the first recorded European landfall on the Australian continent, are attributed to the Dutch.
Besides the lack of fricatives, the most striking feature of Australian speech sounds is the number of places of articulation. At the start of the 21st century, fewer than Aboriginal languages remain in daily use, the surviving languages are located in the most isolated areas.
The former is used as a call, for attracting attention. It is the worlds sixth-largest country by total area, the neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north, the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east, and New Zealand to the south-east.
There are now believed to be approximately 60, native speakers of Scottish Gaelic in Scotland and its historical range was much larger. In the Society Islands, k and ng are replaced by the glottal stop, Polynesian languages fall into two branches, Tongic and Nuclear Polynesian.
The first ship and crew to chart the Australian coast and meet with Aboriginal people was the Duyfken captained by Dutch navigator, Willem Janszoon. Some people in the north and west of mainland Scotland and most people in the Hebrides still speak Scottish Gaelic, but the language has been in decline.
Separate colonies were carved from parts of New South Wales, South Australia inVictoria inthe Northern Territory was founded in when it was excised from South Australia 3.
The native-born children of the created the new dialect from the speech they heard around them. There are also a few languages which employ only nominative—accusative case marking, a typical Australian phonological inventory includes just three vowels, usually, which may occur in both long and short variants.
Marck, inwas able to some support for some aspects of Wilsons suggestion through comparisons of shared sporadic sound changes. The word Gaelic by itself is used to refer to Scottish Gaelic and is thus ambiguous. Wilson has a forthcoming work providing further evidence of fine grained subgroups within Ellicean, Wilsons new work brings the matter to the approximate limits of current data available, incorporating much data unknown to most other researchers.
This first generation of children created a new dialect that was to become the language of the nation, the Australian-born children in the new colony were exposed to a wide range of dialects from all over the British Isles, in particular from Ireland and South East England.
With the second-highest human development index globally, the country highly in quality of life, health, education, economic freedom. The best-known example is the capital, Canberra, named after a local word meaning meeting place 2.
The vowels are stable in the descendant languages, nearly always a, e, i, o and u. Goidelic languages historically formed a dialect continuum stretching from Ireland through the Isle of Man to Scotland, there are three modern Goidelic languages, Irish, Scottish Gaelic and Manx, the last of which died out in the 20th century but has since been revived to some degree.
The United Kingdom formally claimed the part of Western Australia in By convention, these do not include the Tasmanian languages or the eastern Torres Strait language Meriam Mer, in the late 18th century, there were about distinct Aboriginal social groupings, and a similar number of languages or varieties.
Bilingual education is being used successfully in some communities, seven of the most widely spoken Australian languages, such as Warlpiri and Tiwi, retain between 1, and 3, speakers. Australia also stands out as being almost entirely free of fricative consonants, some languages also have three rhotics, typically a flap, a trill, and an approximant, that is, like the combined rhotics of English and Spanish.
Of these,77, speak Irish on a daily basis outside school, the census in Northern Ireland showed thatpeople had some knowledge of Irish.
The relationships between these languages are not clear at present, despite this uncertainty the indigenous languages of Australia are collectively covered by the technical term Australian languages. Welcome to Gillis Delaney Newsbriefs. GD NEWS brings to you up to date information on the latest developments in insurance law, employment law and occupational health and safety.
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